Binance Token (BNB) Security Audit Report

Here is the report of the Binance Token (BNB) Security Audit performed by the Callisto Network security department in March 2019.

About Callisto Network and the security department

Utilizing Callisto Network capabilities, we have established a free-for-all system of smart-contracts auditing, to this end, Callisto Network has founded the Callisto security department and deploys treasury funds to pay security auditors for auditing smart-contracts, to reduce risk/flaw in smart-contracts and improve the adoption of programmable blockchains for the whole crypto industry.

Binance Token (BNB) specificities

Source code

Disclosure policy




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Binance Token (BNB) Security Audit Report

1. Summary

Binance token (BNB) smart contract security audit report performed by Callisto Security Audit Department

2. In scope


3. Findings

In total, 5 issues were reported including:

  • 5 low severity issues.

No critical security issues were found.

3.1. Known vulnerabilities of ERC-20 token

Severity: low


  1. It is possible to double withdrawal attack. More details here.
  2. Lack of transaction handling mechanism issue. WARNING! This is a very common issue and it already caused millions of dollars losses for lots of token users! More details here.


Add the following code to the transfer(_to address, ...) function:

require( _to != address(this) );

3.2. ERC20 Compliance — event missing

Severity: low


  1. According to ERC20 standard when coins are minted a Transfer event should be emitted.
  2. There is no Approval event call at approve function. And EIP20 says:

MUST trigger on any successful call to approve(address _spender, uint256 _value).

  1. The burn function also should emit the Transfer event.

Code snippet

  1. initial supply
  2. Approval event
  3. burn function and Transfer event

3.3. ERC20 Compliance — zero-value transfers rejecting

Severity: low


EIP20 says that:

Transfers of 0 values MUST be treated as normal transfers and fire the Transfer event.
But in this contract, function transfer has a condition:

if (_value <= 0) throw;

Code snippet

3.4. ERC20 Compliance — approve issues

Severity: low

Code snippet


  1. There is no way to reset approved value to 0, because approve function contains:
if (_value <= 0) throw; 
  1. Also, it breaks the EIP20 security recommendation:

To prevent attack vectors like the one described here and discussed here, clients SHOULD make sure to create user interfaces in such a way that they set the allowance first to 0 before setting it to another value for the same spender. THOUGH The contract itself shouldn’t enforce it, to allow backwards compatibility with contracts deployed before

3.5. Fallback Function

Severity: low


Any ether sent directly to the contract through the fallback function will not result in an automatic buy of tokens but instead is directly sent to the contract balance.

Code snippet

4. Conclusion

The audited smart contract can be deployed. Only low severity issues were found during the audit.

5. Revealing audit reports